Infection Control

Skin Penetration Guidelines are always adhered to at beauty salon-parramatta BUT do you know what the guidelines contain?????

The following guidelines should be followed in day-to-day practice, where relevant, by hairdressing, beautician and skin penetration operators.

It is important to ensure the safety and health of both the client and operator, when undertaking procedures involving skin penetration, and to ensure bacterial, fungal and viral infections, including HIV, Hepatitis B and C are not transmitted during the procedure.

(a) Eating, drinking or smoking is not permitted in the treatment area.
(b) Animals, except for assistance animals, are not permitted in the treatment area.
(c) Broken skin or infections on exposed parts of the body of the operator must be kept covered with a waterproof plaster.

(a) Single use gloves must be worn during a skin penetration procedure, and must be discarded between each client or when changing activities.
(b) Gloves are not to be re-used, and must be disposed once contaminated.
(c) Sterilised gloves are to be worn if direct contact with sterilised equipment will occur during the procedure, e.g. body piercing.

Liquids, Creams and Gels
(a) Any liquids or gels used should be measured and decanted into single use containers for each client.
(b) Excess or unused liquids or gels must be discarded and not returned to original containers.
(c) If stock cannot be decanted then single use applicators or spatulas are to be used, ensuring they are not re-used.
(d) If re-useable containers are used they must be cleaned and sterilised after each use.

Hand Washing
(a) Hands must be washed whenever they become contaminated, including:
immediately before and after attending a client if the procedure is interrupted
after contact with any blood or body substance before and after smoking, eating and drinking after going to the toilet DCP No. 29 – Hairdressing, Beautician and Skin Penetration Premises 22 prior to and after wearing gloves after touching the nose or mouth before and after treating wounds or handling soiled wound dressings
(b) Nailbrushes should not be used as they may damage the skin and may provide possible infection sites.
(c) If alcohol based hand creams are used they must be applied in the same circumstances as when hand washing is required.

Skin Preparation
(a) Prior to commencing the skin penetration procedure, the skin must be wiped with a suitable antiseptic and allowed to air dry. Acceptable antiseptic solutions include:
70% W/W ethyl alcohol
80% V/V ethyl alcohol
70% V/V isopropyl alcohol
alcoholic (isopropyl and ethyl) formulations of 0.5 –4% W/V chlorhexidene
aqueous or alcoholic formulations of povidine iodine (1% W/V available iodine)
(b) Antiseptic should not be used after the expiry date.
(c) Single use wipes are to be used on one client area and then disposed.

Protective Clothing
(a) Operators must wear a clean washable garment, such as an apron or a uniform, when attending clients. This clothing protects the wearer’s clothing and skin from contamination.
(b) Protective clothing must be changed when soiled.
(c) Protective clothing must be worn only in the work area. It must be removed when leaving the premises or when not performing procedures.
(d) When undertaking colonic lavage a clean water resistant apron must be worn. Once soiled this apron must be cleaned.
(e) Soiled linen must be removed from the treatment area after the client has left.
(f) All linen, including towels, protective clothing and other washable fabrics must be washed with laundry detergent and water, rinsed and dried.

(a) All workplaces must have a procedure in place for the management of exposure to blood and body fluids. Refer to the NSW Health Skin Penetration Code for Best Practice (2001).
(b) A stocked first aid kit must be available on site at all times.
DCP No. 29 – Hairdressing, Beautician and Skin Penetration Premises 23

(a) Any article used to penetrate the skin of a person must be sterilised after every use and maintained in a clean and sterile condition, or discarded if designed for single-use.
(b) All equipment that does not penetrate the skin must be cleaned and disinfected between clients.
(c) All equipment, including benches, tables, used to carry out the procedure is to be washed with a hospital grade disinfectant.
(d) Wax used for the purpose of hair removal must be disposed of immediately after the completion of the hair removal procedure.
(e) Roll on wax applicators are not permitted as they encourage bacterial harbourage.
(f) Ear piercing guns are to be used only for ear piercing.
(g) Body piercing equipment is to be used only for body piercing.

(a) Equipment must be cleaned prior to disinfection or sterilisation to remove all visible organic matter and residue, as they may inhibit the disinfection or sterilisation process.
(b) Equipment designed not to penetrate the skin must be thoroughly cleaned prior to re-using.
Thermal disinfection is then recommended. If this is not possible it must be cleaned with a 70% alcohol wipe or swab.
(c) Items such as cleaning gloves, brushes and other equipment must be maintained in a clean and satisfactory condition. Damaged items must be replaced.
(d) Cleaning equipment must be cleaned regularly and stored clean and dry.

(a) All equipment must be cleaned prior to disinfection.
(b) Disinfection can be achieved by chemical or thermal methods. Refer to the NSW Health’s Code of Best Practice for Skin Penetration.
(c) Equipment that can be used after disinfection must be stored in a clean, dry and dust free environment.
(d) Ensure the directions are followed for mixing and using disinfectants. If mixed incorrectly or stored for too long the disinfectant may become ineffective.

DCP No. 29 – Hairdressing, Beautician and Skin Penetration Premises 24

(a) All equipment used to penetrate the skin must be sterilised.
(b) Equipment can be pre-sterilised and/or single use.
(c) If contact occurs between a sterile and un-sterile item, both items are un-sterile.
(d) The recommended method of sterilising is autoclaving. Refer to the Australian Standards for the requirements (AS 2182) and operating methods (AS 4815:2001) of the autoclave.
(e) Ensure the autoclaves are loaded correctly to ensure that the trays allow a free passage of steam, minimise condensation and can be readily removed.
(f) Correct packaging of equipment will allow aseptic removal from the steriliser and protection from contamination once removed.
(g) Equipment and packing material must be dry and intact at the end of processing to ensure the equipment is sterile. If packaging is damaged, damp or moist the items must not be used but must be re-sterilised or disposed of.
(h) The autoclave must be tested, serviced regularly and calibrated at least once a year by a qualified service technician. Ensure records of this are kept on site.
(i) All sterile equipment must be used immediately on removal from its packaging or it must be resterilised prior to use.
(j) Sterilised items should be stored separately to used items awaiting sterilisation.

(a) Waste bags must be tied or sealed and left in a secure waste container for collection. The waste containers must have a tight fitting lid and be able to contain all waste.
(b) Waste must be removed daily from the work area.

Hairdressing and other procedures where skin is not penetrated, including certain beauty treatments, are not defined as skin penetration under the legislation.
The objectives of these guidelines area to ensure hygienic practices and procedures to prevent the transfer of skin infections, including herpes, tinea and staphylococcal infections, and to ensure hairdressers and beauticians implement infection control procedures when skin is accidentally cut, punctured or penetrated.

(a) All razor blades are considered contaminated with blood or blood products after use. Single use disposable razors must be disposed of immediately after use. Safety razors must have the blade removed and the razor body thoroughly cleaned before it is used again.

For further information about any of the our services or promotions above please call one of our skin care centres to speak to one of our friendly Skin Care Therapists - Baulkham Hills Beauty (02) 9639 9294 or Northmead Beauty (02) 9890 7444.

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